1 noun [{{t}}'sʌbdʒɪkt]
(a) (topic) sujet m;
on the subject of au sujet de, à propos de;
this will be the subject of my next lecture ma prochaine conférence portera sur ce sujet;
to wander from the subject s'écarter du sujet, faire une digression;
let's come or get back to the subject revenons à nos moutons;
don't try and change the subject n'essaie pas de changer de sujet ou de détourner la conversation;
let's drop the subject parlons d'autre chose;
while we're on the subject à (ce) propos;
while we're on the subject of holidays puisque nous parlons de vacances;
that's a touchy subject c'est un sujet délicat
(b) (of legal case, contract) objet m;
(in letters and memos) subject: recruitment of new staff objet: recrutement de personnel
(c) {{}}Art{{}}, {{}}Literature{{}} & {{}}Photography{{}} sujet m;
the subject of her film/novel le sujet de son film/roman;
he always photographs his subjects in natural light il photographie toujours ses sujets en lumière naturelle
(d) {{}}Grammar{{}} & {{}}Philosophy{{}} sujet m
(e) {{}}School{{}} & {{}}University{{}} matière f, discipline f; (field) domaine m;
she's taking exams in four subjects elle passe des examens dans quatre matières;
I was always better at science subjects j'ai toujours été plus fort en sciences;
it's not really my subject ce n'est pas vraiment mon domaine;
that would be a good subject for a PhD thesis ce serait un bon sujet pour une thèse de doctorat
(f) {{}}Politics{{}} (of monarch) sujet(ette) m,f;
she is a British subject c'est une ressortissante britannique;
foreign subjects ressortissants mpl étrangers
(g) {{}}Medicine{{}} & {{}}Psychology{{}} (of test) sujet m;
she'd be a good subject for the new treatment elle serait un bon sujet pour le nouveau traitement;
subjects were tested for their reactions on a testé la réaction des sujets
(h) (cause) objet m;
he was the subject of much comment il a été l'objet de nombreux commentaires
(i) {{}}Computing{{}} (of e-mail message) objet m
2 adjective [{{t}}'sʌbdʒɪkt]
(a) (subordinate → people, country) assujetti, soumis;
they are subject to my authority ils sont placés sous mon autorité, ils dépendent de moi;
we are all subject to the rule of law nous sommes tous soumis à la loi;
subject states États mpl dépendants
(b) (liable, prone)
subject to sujet à;
he is subject to frequent lung infections il est sujet à de fréquentes infections pulmonaires;
subject to attack exposé à l'attaque;
to be subject to violent changes of mood/fits of jealousy être sujet à de brusques sautes d'humeur/des crises de jalousie;
the terms are subject to alteration without notice les termes peuvent être modifiés sans préavis;
subject to tax imposable, assujetti à l'impôt;
the price is subject to a handling charge les frais de manutention sont en sus;
all trains will be subject to delay des retards sont à prévoir sur toutes les lignes
3 transitive verb [{{t}}sʌb'dʒekt]
(a) (country, people) soumettre, assujettir
(b) (expose)
to subject to soumettre à;
to subject sb/sth to an examination faire subir un examen à qn/qch, soumettre qn/qch à un examen;
the material was subjected to intense heat le matériau a été soumis ou exposé à une température très élevée;
I refuse to subject anyone to such indignities je refuse de faire subir de tels affronts à qui que ce soit;
their plans were subjected to much criticism leurs projets ont fait l'objet de nombreuses critiques
4 subject to preposition
[{{t}}'sʌbdʒɪkt] (save for) sous réserve de, sauf; (conditional upon) à condition de;
these are the rules, subject to revision voici le règlement, sous réserve de modification;
subject to your passing the exam à condition de réussir ou à condition que vous réussissiez l'examen;
it's all subject to her approval tout est subordonné à son approbation
►► subject catalogue fichier m par matières;
subject index index m des matières;
subject matter (topic) sujet m, thème m; (substance) substance f, contenu m

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