subject

subject
subject
1 noun [{{t}}'sʌbdʒɪkt]
(a) (topic) sujet m;
on the subject of au sujet de, à propos de;
this will be the subject of my next lecture ma prochaine conférence portera sur ce sujet;
to wander from the subject s'écarter du sujet, faire une digression;
let's come or get back to the subject revenons à nos moutons;
don't try and change the subject n'essaie pas de changer de sujet ou de détourner la conversation;
let's drop the subject parlons d'autre chose;
while we're on the subject à (ce) propos;
while we're on the subject of holidays puisque nous parlons de vacances;
that's a touchy subject c'est un sujet délicat
(b) (of legal case, contract) objet m;
(in letters and memos) subject: recruitment of new staff objet: recrutement de personnel
(c) {{}}Art{{}}, {{}}Literature{{}} & {{}}Photography{{}} sujet m;
the subject of her film/novel le sujet de son film/roman;
he always photographs his subjects in natural light il photographie toujours ses sujets en lumière naturelle
(d) {{}}Grammar{{}} & {{}}Philosophy{{}} sujet m
(e) {{}}School{{}} & {{}}University{{}} matière f, discipline f; (field) domaine m;
she's taking exams in four subjects elle passe des examens dans quatre matières;
I was always better at science subjects j'ai toujours été plus fort en sciences;
it's not really my subject ce n'est pas vraiment mon domaine;
that would be a good subject for a PhD thesis ce serait un bon sujet pour une thèse de doctorat
(f) {{}}Politics{{}} (of monarch) sujet(ette) m,f;
she is a British subject c'est une ressortissante britannique;
foreign subjects ressortissants mpl étrangers
(g) {{}}Medicine{{}} & {{}}Psychology{{}} (of test) sujet m;
she'd be a good subject for the new treatment elle serait un bon sujet pour le nouveau traitement;
subjects were tested for their reactions on a testé la réaction des sujets
(h) (cause) objet m;
he was the subject of much comment il a été l'objet de nombreux commentaires
(i) {{}}Computing{{}} (of e-mail message) objet m
2 adjective [{{t}}'sʌbdʒɪkt]
(a) (subordinate → people, country) assujetti, soumis;
they are subject to my authority ils sont placés sous mon autorité, ils dépendent de moi;
we are all subject to the rule of law nous sommes tous soumis à la loi;
subject states États mpl dépendants
(b) (liable, prone)
subject to sujet à;
he is subject to frequent lung infections il est sujet à de fréquentes infections pulmonaires;
subject to attack exposé à l'attaque;
to be subject to violent changes of mood/fits of jealousy être sujet à de brusques sautes d'humeur/des crises de jalousie;
the terms are subject to alteration without notice les termes peuvent être modifiés sans préavis;
subject to tax imposable, assujetti à l'impôt;
the price is subject to a handling charge les frais de manutention sont en sus;
all trains will be subject to delay des retards sont à prévoir sur toutes les lignes
3 transitive verb [{{t}}sʌb'dʒekt]
(a) (country, people) soumettre, assujettir
(b) (expose)
to subject to soumettre à;
to subject sb/sth to an examination faire subir un examen à qn/qch, soumettre qn/qch à un examen;
the material was subjected to intense heat le matériau a été soumis ou exposé à une température très élevée;
I refuse to subject anyone to such indignities je refuse de faire subir de tels affronts à qui que ce soit;
their plans were subjected to much criticism leurs projets ont fait l'objet de nombreuses critiques
4 subject to preposition
[{{t}}'sʌbdʒɪkt] (save for) sous réserve de, sauf; (conditional upon) à condition de;
these are the rules, subject to revision voici le règlement, sous réserve de modification;
subject to your passing the exam à condition de réussir ou à condition que vous réussissiez l'examen;
it's all subject to her approval tout est subordonné à son approbation
►► subject catalogue fichier m par matières;
subject index index m des matières;
subject matter (topic) sujet m, thème m; (substance) substance f, contenu m

Un panorama unique de l'anglais et du français. 2015.

Regardez d'autres dictionnaires:

  • Subject — may refer to: *An area of interest, also called a topic meaning , thing you are talking or discussing about . It can also be termed as the area of discussion . See Lists of topics and Lists of basic topics. **An area of knowledge; **The focus of… …   Wikipedia

  • subject — n 1 *citizen, national Antonyms: sovereign 2 Subject, matter, subject matter, argument, topic, text, theme, motive, motif, leitmotiv can mean the basic idea or the principal object of thought or attention in a discourse or artistic composition.… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Subject — Sub*ject , n. [From L. subjectus, through an old form of F. sujet. See {Subject}, a.] 1. That which is placed under the authority, dominion, control, or influence of something else. [1913 Webster] 2. Specifically: One who is under the authority… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • subject — [sub′jikt, sub′jekt΄; ] for v. [ səb jekt′] adj. [ME suget < OFr < L subjectus, pp. of subjicere, to place under, put under, subject < sub , under + jacere, to throw: see JET1] 1. under the authority or control of, or owing allegiance to …   English World dictionary

  • subject — sub·ject / səb ˌjekt/ n: the person upon whose life a life insurance policy is written and upon whose death the policy is payable: insured compare beneficiary b, policyholder Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster …   Law dictionary

  • Subject — Sub*ject , a. [OE. suget, OF. souzget, sougit (in which the first part is L. subtus below, fr. sub under), subgiet, subject, F. sujet, from L. subjectus lying under, subjected, p. p. of subjicere, subicere, to throw, lay, place, or bring under;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Subject — Sub*ject , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Subjected}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Subjecting}.] 1. To bring under control, power, or dominion; to make subject; to subordinate; to subdue. [1913 Webster] Firmness of mind that subjects every gratification of sense to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Subject-to — is a way of purchasing property when there is an existing lien (i.e., Mortgage, Deed of Trust). It is defined as: Acquiring ownership to a property from a seller without paying off the existing liens secured against the property. It is a way of… …   Wikipedia

  • subject to — 1》 likely or prone to be affected by (something bad). → subject subject to conditionally upon. → subject …   English new terms dictionary

  • subject — [adj] at the mercy of; answerable accountable, apt, at one’s feet*, bound by, captive, collateral, conditional, contingent, controlled, dependent, directed, disposed, enslaved, exposed, governed, in danger of, inferior, liable, likely, obedient,… …   New thesaurus

  • subject — ► NOUN 1) a person or thing that is being discussed, studied, or dealt with. 2) a branch of knowledge studied or taught. 3) Grammar the word or words in a sentence that name who or what performs the action of the verb. 4) a member of a state… …   English terms dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”